Low blood sugar is also known as hypoglycemia. It is characterized by low blood sugar levels. It is important to know signs of low blood sugar.
Hypoglycemia has a close association with diabetes. Various factors are responsible for low blood sugar levels. Some of them are rare. Hypoglycemia is not a typical disease. It is more often an indicator for another health problem.
Hypoglycemia can be treated by increasing the blood sugar levels. This can be achieved through medications or foods rich in sugar. Identifying the cause of hypoglycemia goes a long way in its treatment.
The brain needs a steady supply of glucose because it cannot create its own source of energy. Low levels of blood glucose can harm the brain. It can also cause the following conditions:
The following are signs of low blood sugar:
These low blood sugar symptoms are not restricted to hypoglycemia. Other factors may be responsible for these signs and symptoms. A good way to know if you have hypoglycemia is to measure your blood sugar levels through lab testing.
Consult a doctor if you see any signs of low blood sugar. Often, it might indicate some other illness. Seek urgent help if you have diabetes and if the symptoms of hypoglycemia persist despite medications and diet. It is common for some diabetics to lose consciousness when the symptoms of hypoglycemia manifest. In such cases, seek immediate help.
Low levels of blood sugar can happen for a variety of reasons. It is possible that drugs used to treat diabetes have its own side effects. To know how hypoglycemia manifests it important to know synthesis of glucose within the body. Its absorption and storage, too, need to be studied.
The body derives energy by breaking down the carbohydrates from foods into sugar molecules. Rice, pasta, bread, vegetable, and milk products are popular sources of carbohydrates. Glucose forms the bulk of these sugar molecules. Glucose has a direct entry into the bloodstream but is unable to enter the cells without the help of insulin.
The high levels of glucose in the blood stimulate the beta cells of the pancreas to release insulin. Insulin released stimulates the cells to absorb glucose. This provides the necessary fuel for the body. The excessive glucose is stored in the liver and muscles of the body in the form of glycogen. This natural process helps maintain normal blood glucose levels. This, in turn, leads to normal secretions of insulin.